[6] This traditional ceremony is performed by young women from all parts of the kingdom to perform in front of the monarch and his guests. The regiment which was under Mzilikazi disobeyed Shaka and crafted a plan to continue raiding up-North forming another dialect of Zulu language referred to as Northern Ndebele (Now in Zimbabwe). As the clans integrated together, the rulership of Shaka brought success to the Zulu nation due to his perfected military policies. Hundreds of thousands of Zulu people living on privately owned "black spots" outside of KwaZulu were dispossessed and forcibly moved to bantustans – worse land previously reserved for whites contiguous to existing areas of KwaZulu. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. 4 words related to Zulu: KwaZulu-Natal, Natal, African, Nguni. Nguni communities had migrated down Africa's east coast over centuries, as part of the Bantu migrations. The word Zulu means "Sky" and according to oral history, Zulu was the name of the ancestor who founded the Zulu royal line in about 1670. These two broad areas of early literary activity combined in the 1930s in…, Zulu speakers number 9,000,000; Rwanda 8,000,000; Shona, Kongo, and Xhosa each 7,000,000; Luba 6,300,000; Rundi 6,000,000; and Kikuyu, Makua, Nyanja, Swahili, and Sukuma each more than 5,000,000. The skirts are called isigcebhezana and are essential in Zulu ceremonies. The language of the Zulu people is "isiZulu", a Bantu language; more specifically, part of the Nguni subgroup. Isaiah Shembe, considered the Zulu Messiah, presented a form of Christianity (the Nazareth Baptist Church) which incorporated traditional customs. In pre-capitalist Zulu society, ilobolo was inextricably linked to the ownership of cattle. [7] There are multiple reasons why men learn how to stick fight. The Zulu people are the largest ethnic group and nation in South Africa with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. 1709 by Zulu kaMalandela.In the Nguni languages, iZulu means heaven, or weather. [9] The beaded elements complement the costumes worn by the Zulu people to bring out a sense of finery or prestige. The total population of Zulu speakers throughout the world is estimated at nearly 328 million people. Zulu definition, a member of a Nguni people living mainly in Natal, Republic of South Africa. The women are always bound by a male figure to abide by.[7]. Over the years, several public and corporate groups have completed courses at the school. Antonyms for Zulu. In the African cultures, such as the Basotho, the Batswana, the Bapedi, the Amaswati and the AmaZulu, women wore traditional miniskirts as cultural attire. Beadwork is dominantly worn when young Zulu people are courting or in search for love affairs. This event takes place at the royal capital near Nongoma. In-fighting between the Zulu continued for years, until in 1897 Zululand was absorbed fully into the British colony of Natal. As such, diviners and herbalists play an important part in the daily lives of the Zulu people. [23] They found it too lenient to let the groom give whichever amount he wants so they decided to instore specific amount of cattle that will be needed this time before or at the start of the marriage. Various forms of beadwork are found in different color schemes. Synonyms for Zulu in Free Thesaurus. Zulu (called "isiZulu" in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. [12] These skirts are not seen as shameless but used to cover the women's genitals. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Like most other African literatures, Zulu literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries falls into two distinct categories, one concerned... Like most other African literatures, Zulu literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries falls into two distinct categories, one concerned with traditional (Zulu) life and customs, the other with Christianity. [10] Also, the gifting of beadwork is a way of communicating interest with lovers. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Zulu people group are reported in 7 countries", "Ethnologue report for language code ZUL", 10.23943/princeton/9780691167565.001.0001, "Lord of the Sky-King of the Earth: Zulu traditional religion and belief in the sky god", "Muthi, Medicine and Witchcraft: Regulating 'African Science' in Post-Apartheid South Africa? isiZulu (Zulu) is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. The Zulu were originally a major clan in what is today Northern KwaZulu-Natal, founded ca. [10] During the transition from single to married women, beadwork is shown through a beaded cloth apron worn over a pleated leather skirt. The SABC first started showing Zulu-language television and news programs in the 1980s. [6] The purpose of this event is to promote pride in virginity and to restrain sexual relationships. They originated from Nguni communities who took part in the Bantu migrations. As the nation began to develop, the rulership of Shaka brought the clans together to build a cohesive identity for the Zulu. In mid-December 1878, envoys of the British crown delivered an ultimatum to 11 chiefs representing the then-current king of the Zulu empire, Cetshwayo. We do offer Zulu language testing, website, localization, Interpretation. In 1994, it became one of South Africa's 11 official languages. A Zulu manual, or vade-mecum, being a companion volume to "The Zulu-Kafir language," and the "English-Zulu dictionary," 1900 1900 by Roberts, Charles, 1836-1901, Wesleyan minister Zulu names, like most indigenous names in Southern Africa, are often given regarding the situation of the family when a child is born. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Every African ethnic group has different requirements when it comes to bride wealth. What are synonyms for Zulu? Despite an early victory for the Zulus at the Battle of Isandlwana on the 22nd of January, the British fought back and won the Battle at Rorke's Drift, and decisively defeated the Zulu army by July at the Battle of Ulundi. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language.. ", This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 23:20. Traditional dress for men consists of animal skins and feathers; the kind of skins indicates the status of the person wearing them. [7] Engaged women wear hairnets to show their marital status to society and married women cover themselves in clothing and headdresses. Copying a word from the translated list for a reverse translation can be used to find synonyms and to understand the broader use of the Sesotho word in the Zulu language. Nonetheless, this ritual has changed during colonization because in 1869, Theophilus Shepstone, then Natal Secretary for Native Affairs, formalized the ilobolo payment to 10 cattle for commoners (plus the ingquthu cow for the mother), 15 for hereditary chief siblings and 20-plus for the daughters of a chief. We can translate any Zulu document to English and vice versa. Zulu has borrowed many words from other languages, especially Afrikaans and English. The Zulu language, of which there are variations, is part of the Nguni language group. {{Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (1994). Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), … [16], Traditionally, the Zulu recognize several elements to be present in a human being: the physical body (inyama yomzimba or umzimba); the breath or life force (umoya womphefumulo or umoya); and the "shadow," prestige, or personality (isithunzi). Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. Nevertheless, many Zulus retain their traditional pre-Christian belief system of ancestor worship in parallel with their Christianity. The Zulu Kingdom was very important in South African history during the 1800s and 1900s. This organization was nominally a protest movement against apartheid, but held more conservative views than the ANC. For other uses, see. ", "Spilling the Blood of Bulls to Preserve Zulu Tradition", History section of the official page for the Zululand region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_people&oldid=1000173154, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Canonici, Noverino. [9], Beadwork is worn by all men, women, and children at any age. After Cetshwayo's capture a month following his defeat, the British divided the Zulu Empire into 13 "kinglets". As a woman approaches puberty, she is known as a tshitshi. Cetshwayo died in February 1884, killed by Zibhebhu's regime, leaving his son, the 15-year-old Dinuzulu, to inherit the throne. Most Zulu words end in a vowel. This dictionary helps you to search quickly for Zulu to English translation, English to Zulu translation. Zulu Men. [6], The creation of beadwork dates back to the times of war for the Zulu people. [10] Men are more conservative when wearing beadwork. [7], The women in Zulu society often perform domestic chores such as cleaning, raising children, collect water and firewood, laundry, tend to crops, cooking, and making clothes. The Chief Minister of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 (as Zululand) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi. Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. The Zulu are best known for their beadwork and basketry. There are 10,677,305 (23.82 %) first language speakers [2001 census data], which makes this the language in South Africa with the most first language speakers. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The tufts of a cow’s tail (amashoba) are worn on the upper arms and below the knee to make the person appear broader than he is. Depending on which stage of life an individual is in, the beadwork indicates different meanings. [7] The Zulu men are also in charge of herding the cattle, educating themselves on the lives of disciplined warriors, creating weapons, and learning the art of stick fighting. The ancestors of the Ngunis (the ancestors of modern day Zulus) were the Bantu-speaking peoples who migrated along the east coast of Africa to reach what is now South Africa in the 9th Century AD. In 1970, the Bantu Homeland Citizenship Act provided that all Zulus would become citizens of KwaZulu, losing their South African citizenship. Zulu men identify themselves with great pride and dignity. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The beadwork is not only worn by the dancers, but by the guests as well. [7] Before the use of glass was apparent to the Zulu, beadwork derived from wood, seeds and berries. [7], Beadwork is a form of communication for the Zulu people. This term is particularly used by Zulu people when it comes to bride wealth. The Zulu and Xhosa languages are similar enough to be considered dialects of one language, but speakers of Zulu and Xhosa consider them to be separate languages. The design of the beads often conveys a particular message. At that time, the area was occupied by many large Nguni communities and clans (also called the isizwe people or nation, or were called isibongo, referring to their clan or family name). There are also Zulu speakers in other African countries, including Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, and Swaziland. Beads one is wearing, the majority of them living in South Africa 's official! Furthermore, Zulu became one of the official languages different purposes in society in order read! 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