The Coalsack is one of the most prominent dark nebulae visible to the unaided eye. As the Southern Cross dominates Crux constellation, it is often confused for the constellation itself, which contains more than five stars. Alpha and Beta Centauri are sometimes called the Pointers, or the Southern Pointers, to differentiate them from the two stars in the Big Dipper. The stars of the Southern Cross – Acrux (Alpha Crucis), Mimosa (Beta Crucis), Gacrux (Gamma Crucis), Imai (Delta Crucis), and Ginan (Epsilon Crucis) – form an asterism that really looks more like a kite than a cross. New Zealand also uses its winter season for sporting activities such as skiing and snowboarding. To be eligible for this policy, you must: a. hold a current New Zealand work visa or visitor visa; b. be exempt from the requirements to hold a visa to New Zealand… In 1867, New Zealand's flag was similar to the current version, the only difference being that the letters NZ appeared instead of the stars. Crux can be found on the national flags of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New … δ Crucis (Delta Crucis), formally named Imai and sometimes known as Pálida (“the pale one” in Portuguese) has a visual magnitude of 2.79 and lies at a distance of around 345 light years from Earth. Get official travel information, maps, itineraries, activities & accommodation to help you plan your next holiday to New Zealand. The Union Jack remained New Zealand's flag until the passage of the New Zealand Ensign Act instituted the current flag in 1902. In Portuguese, the star is known as the Star of Magellan, or Estrela de Magalhães. The North Island of New Zealand has a 'spine' of mountain ranges running through the middle, with gentle rolling farmland on both sides. Crux constellation is also bordered by Musca, the Fly. The star is classified as a Beta Cephei variable with three different pulsation periods. It is really a spectroscopic binary system, consisting of two components that can’t be resolved with a telescope because they are too close together. The Southern Cross spans only six degrees from north to south, a distance only slightly bigger than the one between Merak and Dubhe, the pointer stars located in the Big Dipper, which point the way to Polaris, the North Star, located in Ursa Minor constellation. New Zealand ranks second for ‘community’ … The Southern Cross should not be confused with the so-called False Cross, formed by four other bright stars in the vicinity. The Coalsack is located approximately 600 light-years away from Earth in the southern part of the constellation of Crux (the Southern Cross).This seemingly starless dark patch is actually an opaque interstellar dust cloud that obscures the light of the background Milky Way stars. Mimosa is the 19th brightest star in the sky and Deneb, the 20th. The primary component belongs to the spectral class B0.5 III, which means that it is a blue-white giant star. El Niño and La Niña are opposite phases of a naturally occurring global climate cycle known as the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or ENSO for short. Observers in the tropical latitudes of the northern hemisphere can see it near the horizon in winter and spring, but only for a few hours every night. It is the second brightest star of the Southern Cross asterism. New Zealand's first flag, the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, was adopted in 1834, six years before New Zealand's separation from New South Wales and creation as a separate colony following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. γ Crucis (Gamma Crucis), also known as Gacrux or HD 108903, is a red giant with the stellar classification M3.5 III. It was coined by the American cartographer Elijah Hinsdale Burritt around 1835. The constellation Crux lies exactly opposite to Cassiopeia and the two can never be visible in the sky at the same time. national symbol, the Southern Cross is a name given to ships, Like Mimosa, Delta Crucis is believed to be a Beta Cephei-type variable. Manage your policy24/7. The Southern Cross is also featured prominently on the flags of several southern nations, including Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. My Southern Cross is our secure, online service that makes having and using your health insurance easy. The stars are visible in the southern For several decades though, there have been debates on whether the flag should change or not. opening in the sky that the winds blew through. The range contains New Zealand’s highest peaks. Sources disagree about who was responsible for the separation, citing either the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius, who split the constellations in 1613, or the French astronomer Augustin Royer, who separated them in 1679. There are so many things to do in New Zealand and we have tried them all! In a wide-field image obtained with a Hasselblad 2000 FC camera by Claus Madsen (ESO), a region around the Southern Cross, seen in the right of the image (Kodak Ektachrome 200, 70 min exposure time). New Zealand is known for a lot of natural wonders, and Aurora Australis (The Southern Lights) has to be one of the most wonderful of all. 18 December 2020 . The asterism is one of the easiest to identify in the sky and it has significance in a number of cultures in the southern latitudes. The first documented example of discovery of the Southern Cross was found in Ancient Greece around 1000 BC. The Southern Cross is notable for containing two bright stars, Acrux and Gacrux, which point the way to the Southern Celestial Pole. Along with affordable, quality education, your children will be able to get close to nature and enjoy a diverse range of healthy sport, recreation, and adventure activities. Let's face it, New Zealand is a long way away from most parts of the world. The Southern Cross (The Constellation Crux) The Southern Cross is the best known and most represented star group in the Southern Hemisphere. It too was for use at sea or in foreign ports, but it soon came ashore onto public buildings and commercial advertising. Alpha Crucis or Acrux, at the foot of the cross, is the The Southern Cross carries significance across many southern countries and civilizations. Southern Cross Medical Library. Because the Southern Cross can be seen all year round, The star has 1.42 times the Sun’s mass and a radius 32.9 times solar. So distinctive and evocative is the Southern Cross that the national flags of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa all include a representation of it. It pays to be specific when using the term Southern Cross in New Zealand, for apart from its astronomical association, the name has been used for planes, boats, newspapers, and numerous commercial ventures. It is thought Kupe reached New Zealand at Hokianga Harbour, in Northland, about 1070 years ago. This cross-shaped constellation has assumed great significance in the cultures of the Southern Hemisphere, even as far back as prehistoric times. brightest star of the Southern Cross. The peninsula was important because it guarded the entrance to the Dardanelles Strait – a strategic waterway leading to the Sea of Marmara and, via the Bosphorus, the Black Sea. It lies at a distance of 228 light years from the solar system. Mimosa is thought to be the hottest first magnitude star. It has an absolute magnitude of -4.14. At Southern Cross Travel Insurance, we've been providing great quality cover for people visiting New Zealand since 2003. Who better to protect you during your stay in New Zealand than one of the country's leading and most respected travel insurers? Throughout the mountains there are many glacial valleys, many of which filled with glacial lakes. Observers south of 34°S can see Crux at any time of year, as the constellation is circumpolar for those latitudes: it never sets below the horizon. Estimates of the extent of kauri forest before European settlement in New Zealand are between 1 million and 1.5 million hectares. The Southern Cross was also found depicted on a stone engraving in Machu Picchu. Beta Crucis forms the eastern tip of the crossbar. The most problematic situation usually occurs with short journeys from west to east. In areas of South Australia and Queensland the Southern Cross … sky as the earth rotates. Māori likened it to an anchor or an aperture, and early European voyagers saw it as a cross: the Southern Cross constellation is a distinctive feature of the southern night sky. The stars of the Southern Cross, image: Alain r at wikipedia.org. It is only about 30 percent more massive than the Sun, but has 84 times the Sun’s radius and is 1,500 times more luminous. The NZEF’s wait in Egypt ended in early April 1915, when it was transported to the Greek island of Lemnos to prepare for the invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula. The five stars that form the Southern Cross are represented on the flags of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, and Brazil. The Blue Ensign The British colonies often chose—or were assigned—flags based on the Blue Ensign, once of the British Navy, then just one squadron of the navy, latterly of its associated civilian fleet. Unbroken by any other continental landmass, the Southern Ocean’s narrowest constriction is the Drake Passage, 600 miles wide, between … Consequently, our cities and towns are mostly quite small. Gamma Crucis is also sometimes called Rubidea, or Ruby-like, because of its colour. Interestingly, the Southern Cross has been depicted on the flags of several different antipodean countries. Southern Cross from New Zealand. New Zealand’s national flag’s design is a defaced British Blue Ensign and has the national flag of Great Britain at the canton. It was in this period – at some point in the 17th century – that Crux was finally separated from Centaurus. The Southern Cross was an important navigational benchmark for sailors. Drive, bike, walk, public transport directions on map to Southern Cross Jewellers - HERE WeGo The central North Island is dominated by the Volcanic Plateau, an active volcanic and thermal area. It is really a multiple star system with a combined apparent magnitude of 0.77, making Acrux the 13th brightest star in the night sky. Confirmation that the Cross has been found is the presence of two bright stars called the Pointers: Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri. The All Blacks use 'Ka Mate' as their haka, which was composed in the 1820s by the Maori chief Te Rauparaha. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. At 570 light Stewart Island and many smaller islands lie offshore. The Aborigines and the Maori saw the cross as symbolizing animist spirits that were integral in their ancestral beliefs. New Zealand has many neighbors in the South Pacific that offer a wonderful place for a short holiday break and are entirely different. Southern rātā is the most widespread of all New Zealand rātā, found from sea level to 760 m. It's distributed from high Northland and Coromandel outcrops, to subantarctic Auckland Islands where it forms the country's southernmost forests. The Union Jack at the canton represents the close relationship bet… Director of Pacific Technical Support / WHO Representative. We originally wrote this New Zealand guide 10 years ago starting with 15 things, and has now grown to 46 of the top New Zealand experiences that we have personally done!. The massive Southern Alps form the backbone of the South Island. The Southern Cross or Crux, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere, is depicted on flags and coats of arms of various countries and sub-national entities. Brunier. Further confusion was caused by the introduction of an International Code of Signals, which led to the adoption of a signalling flag in 1899. Acrux lies at a distance of 321 light years from Earth. Māori and Pacific Island New Zealanders are more than three times more likely to develop diabetes than most other New Zealanders. New Zealand’s South Island hosts the purest natural landscapes you’ll ever experience. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. Southern Cross Medical Library. Once the precession of the equinoxes lowered the whole constellation below the horizon when observed from Europe, the five bright stars of Crux were gradually forgotten. Gamma Crucis, at the top of the cross, is a red-orange Login now. The New Zealand flag depicts only the four brightest stars of the Cross, while the banners of the other nations also include the faintest fifth star (known as Epsilon Crucis). The representation of the Southern Cross signifies the location of New Zealand in the Pacific Ocean. Ceasing of travel insurance policy sales. Ancient Greeks considered Crux to be a part of Centaurus constellation. The star is about 280 light years distant from the solar system. New Zealand is a great place to start and raise a family. Beware of Inca gods in a bad mood!Another famous sight seen from southern latitudes — though it can creep into view in tropical northern latitudes — is the Southern Cross, or Crux. In turn, Australians are still seeking new symbols. Southern Cross group, a collection of independent, health-oriented businesses in New Zealand, operates on not-for-profit principles and is New Zealand's largest non-public health care organisation. They will, however, mark the pole’s location around the year 8600, when the pole has gradually shifted to a point just east to the intersection of the cross-arms of the False Cross. It was an important symbol to the Egyptians and the Aborigines among other cultures. Southern Ocean, the southern portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans and their tributary seas surrounding Antarctica. Land has existed in the vicinity of New Zealand for most of the past 500 million years. A beautiful sight in the southern sky, the Coalsack casts a dark silhouette against the Milky Way’s bright stripe of stars. Their surface temperatures are 28,000 and 26,000 K, and luminosities 25,000 and 16,000 times solar respectively. The Egyptians saw it as representative of the place where Horus, the Sun goddess, was crucified, marking the passage of winter. The Southern Cross. Usually depicted as four or five stars, it is in fact made up of thousands of stars. The Incas tell that the god Ataguchu, in a fit of temper, kicked the Milky Way and a fragment flew off, forming the Small Magellanic Cloud where it landed on the sky, and leaving the black mark of the Coalsack behind. Alpha-1 Crucis has a visual magnitude of 1.40 and Alpha-2 Crucis has a magnitude of 2.09. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. The flag’s proportion is 1:2, with three colors: red, blue, and white. To see the Southern Cross, one must be in the southern hemisphere, or at least as far south as 25°N, where the asterism is visible just above the southern horizon. Issued 19 March 2020 2.25pm (NZDT) As of 19 March 2020 2.25pm (NZDT), we are temporarily ceasing to issue new travel insurance policies based on the advice of the New Zealand Government not to travel overseas.. Portuguese sailors mapped Crux for navigation while sailing near the southern tip of Africa, and Amerigo Vespucci is believed to be the first European to see the “four stars” as he called them, during his third voyage in 1501. The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. national flag consisting of a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton and four stars, forming the Southern Cross constellation, at the fly end. It was an important symbol to the Egyptians and the Aborigines among other cultures. National flags featuring the Southern Cross. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. It is the 14th In New Zealand, type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly and in some regions is considered to have reached epidemic proportions. Epsilon Crucis is the faint fifth star. star. ε Crucis (Epsilon Crucis), formally named Ginan, is a fourth magnitude star, with a visual magnitude of 3.56, belonging to the spectral class K3III, which makes it an orange giant. The Southern Cross is one of the best known asterisms in the night sky, and the most familiar star pattern in the southern hemisphere. The four stars of the Southern Cross were also proposed, but were rejected as not being exclusively representative of New Zealand. "It tells people about when seasons are changing, when food sources are coming in and also gives them a social aspect," Dr Hamacher says. These cover areas as diverse as consumer protection, employment, property and building, occupational regulation and human rights. 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