Since then, many territories around the world have been under the control of the United Kingdom or its predecessor states. Jamaica - Jamaica - British rule: In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, British Military administration in Cyrenicia & Tripolitania, Presidencies and provinces of British India, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Declaration of Independence of the United States, Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence, Impact of Western European colonialism and colonisation, List of countries that gained independence from the United Kingdom. End of the, Ireland unites with Great Britain to form the, Joint British-Egyptian condominium established over, Cyprus (Annexation) Order in Council 1914, Financial difficulties result in Newfoundland losing its status as a dominion, Australia adopts the Statute of Westminster, backdated to 1939, New Zealand adopts the Statute of Westminster, Newfoundland becomes a province of Canada, The status of "colony" is renamed "dependent territory", Hong Kong is transferred to the People's Republic of China, The status of "British Dependent Territory" is renamed "British Overseas Territory", Queen Elizabeth II first monarch to be titled Queen of Canada (accession to the throne of Canada in 1952). Members of the Executive Council were not necessarily members of the lower house but were usually members of the upper house. There were so many additions, alterations, and revisions to the Commonwealth of Nations until 1949. The British Commonwealth refers to a collection of countries associated with the same political affiliation, meaning that the Commonwealth of Nations is intended to bring countries together and provide them with a foundation for economic growth, financial prosperity, and just overall success for all nations involved. Interestingly enough, most, though not all, of the countries in the British Commonwealth happen to be British colonies. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom. By the middle of the 19th century, the sovereign appointed royal governors on the advice of the Secretary of State for the Colonies. Today 14 former colonies (since 2002 known as British Overseas Territories) remain under British rule; the term "colonies" is no longer officially used to describe these. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. These fifty-three nations have a combined population of over two-point-three billion people, with the most densely populated countries being Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom. The territorial evolution of the British Empire is considered to have begun with the foundation of the English colonial empire in the late 16th century. The British Empire ruled over many countries in Africa, beginning in 1870. The British Commonwealth is an older name with its roots originating back in 1926 when the Commonwealth started forming. Territorial evolution from the foundation of the English colonial empire to the present. The nature of the territories (and peoples) ruled as part of the British Empire varied enormously. However, a lot of countries have since left the UK’s rule. Abolished with the reversal of the partition and the creation of the new province of, Administration while nominally remaining part of the, Two sovereign base areas remain under British sovereignty; see under "Akrotiri and Dhekelia", Conquest of principality of Gwynedd (last remaining independent Welsh principality), Annexation of Principality of Wales and Marcher Lordships into England, Republic as the Commonwealth of England. The reason that the British Commonwealth altered the name was that the member countries started to include territories under the rule of the British Empire, but not physically near or within Britain. Over time, a number of colonies were granted "responsible government", making them largely self-governing. A protected state is a territory under a foreign ruler which enjoys British protection, over whose foreign affairs she exercises control, but in respect of whose internal affairs she does not exercise jurisdiction. Russia was successful in capturing some of the northern areas of the Empire (present-day Turkmenistan, for example) in the 19th century. Fifty-three countries are recognized as part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Vaccines minister … During the Imperial Conference, there was a gathering of political figures at an event held by the prime ministers across the British Empire at the time. Initially, the Dominions conducted their own trade policy, some limited foreign relations and had autonomous armed forces, although the British government claimed and exercised the exclusive power to declare wars. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 20:22. From the 1870s, in search of new markets to trade with, and facing competition from other countries, such as Germany and France, Britain set out to gain control and influence over new overseas territories, particularly in Africa. China is now a powerful and a well developed country in the world and China is also in the list … Although the term British Isles has a long history of common usage, it has become increasingly controversial, especially for some in Ireland who object to its connotation of political and cultural connections between Ireland and the United Kingdom. They are Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu. In 1888 the Imperial British East Africa Company Together, these countries formed the British Empire. Groups of investors formed companies to underwrite and profit from the exploration of Africa, India, Asia, the Caribbean and North America, under the patronage of the state. However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. Main settlement was Port Clarence now known as Malabo, Protectorate declared over hinterland of Gambia River in 1894, Incorporated into the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, Italian forces expelled, UN trusteeship of, Created from the Colony & Protectorate of, Annexed to form part of Her Majesty's dominions as part of the dominion of, United with Mashonaland as South Zambezia in 1894, United with Matabeleland as South Zambezia in 1894, Not a member of the Commonwealth between 1961 and 1994, Established as condominium between UK, France and Spain (later also Portugal, USA, Italy, Belgium, Sweden and the Netherlands), Zone dissolved, Tangier returned to Morocco, Reverted to control of the Hudson's Bay Company, Formed by the federation of the provinces of the, Re-established within the Dominion of Canada as the province of, Formed by the amalgamation of the provinces of Lower and Upper Canada, Joined the Dominion of Canada and divided into the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Now the southern halves of Ontario and Quebec, Canada, Re-established within the Dominion of Canada as the province of Ontario in 1867, Sovereignty formally relinquished by Great Britain, Now part of the state of Florida, United States, Now divided between the Canadian provinces of, Nominally included territory that is now part of the provinces of, Divided into the provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada, Nominally included territory that is now part of the Canadian territories and provinces of, Now divided between British Columbia and Yukon, Canada, Southern part returned to Spanish sovereignty; sovereignty of northern part formally relinquished by Great Britain, Part of colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands, Unilateral declaration of independence as, Independence as part of Antigua and Barbuda, Colony of Port Royal (Roatan). 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