The river then gradually widens, notably after receiving the waters of its two longest tributaries—first the Fen River of Shanxi province and then the Wei River of Shaanxi. The Yellow River is 5,464 kilometers (3,398 miles) long, stretching west–east 1900 km (1,180 miles), and meandering north–south 1,100 km (684 miles). Before damming, it was extremely prone to flooding, and had caused millions of deaths, including the deadliest disaster in human history. What are synonyms for Yellow River, China? Updates? Does China have about half of the world’s population? China’s Huang He (Yellow River) is the most sediment-filled river on Earth. A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. The Yellow River then turns sharply to the south and flows for about 445 miles (715 km), forming the border between Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces. Along the Yellow River, there are many worthwhile attractions and many tourist cities, such as Lanzhou, Zhongwei, Yinchuan, Baotou, Yan'an, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, and Kaifeng.Â. NASA Washington, DC, United States. Since 1960 over 14 dams have been constructed on the river for hydroelectric power, which is vital to northern China's infrastructure. China Area Known as the mother river by all the Chinese people, the 5,464-kilometer (about 3,395 miles) Yellow River is the second longest in China after the Yangtze River . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The longest dry period lasted 226 days in 1997. But in recent years, with the treatment of the Yellow River, tourists are coming for one more purpose: to see the "green" Yellow River. Yellow River, China: see Huang He Huang He, Hwang Ho, or Yellow River, great river of N China, c.3,000 mi (4,830 km) long, rising in the twin lakes Gyaring and Ngoring in the Kunlun Mts., NW Qinghai prov..... Click the link for more information.. Past the gorges, near the city of Lanzhou in southeastern Gansu province, it leaves the Plateau of Tibet. Antonyms for Yellow River, China. The upper course drains a basin covering about 48,000 square miles (124,000 square km), consisting chiefly of inaccessible, highly mountainous, sparsely populated terrain with a cold climate. The mouth of the Yellow River is located at Dongying, Shandong. The fi… Down to the Inner Mongolia, is has a name of Ȟatan Gol, means “the yellow river”, though originally, in Mongolian, the Yellow River of this section was called the "Black River", as it ran clear prior to its entry onto the Loess Plateau. Yellow River - Yellow River - The lower course: Downstream from Zhengzhou the Yellow River broadens out to flow through Henan and Shandong provinces across the North China Plain. The Yellow River basin has an enormous population—exceeded by only a small number of countries—and the river and its tributaries flow past some of China’s oldest cities, including Lanzhou, Baotou, Xi’an (Sian), Taiyuan, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, and Jinan. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. It has many rapids there, and in a number of places it narrows. China Highlights tailor-makes China tours to help travelers discover China The Yellow River is the most important water resource for the dry north of China, playing an irreplaceable role in economic development, and agriculture. In China, people sometimes refer to the Yellow River as the River of Sorrow or the Scourge of the Sons of Han. Yellow River, China synonyms, Yellow River, China pronunciation, Yellow River, China translation, English dictionary definition of Yellow River, China. Yellow River synonyms, Yellow River pronunciation, Yellow River translation, English dictionary definition of Yellow River. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Yellow-River, Social Studies for Kids - The Huang He River, China, Huang He - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Huang He (Yellow River) - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). For that reason, it has been given such names as “China’s Sorrow” and “The Ungovernable.” The Mandarin Chinese word huang (“yellow”) is a reference to the fine loess sediments that the river carries to the sea. As of late 2015 there are no plans, so far as I know, for opening it again at this site, or at least opening it any time soon. Almost all Chinese agree that the Yellow River Basin was the cradle of Chinese Civilization. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Between 608 BC and 1938 AD, the Yellow River changed course 26 times, and flooded over 1,500 times. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In Qinghai area, where its source is, the river's Tibetan name is "River of the Peacock". Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The Yellow River (Huang He) basin and the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) basin and their drainage networks. For thousands of years, the Yellow River has been admired by great poets, artists, and common people. Originating in the Bayankala Mountains, the Yellow River now passes nine Chinese provinces, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan and Shandong. The Yellow River or Huang He is the "mother river of China". It is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze), and sixth longest in the world. Guide, China Top Each year, over 1.6 billion tons of soil flows into the Yellow River, which causes the continual rise and shift of the riverbed. The name "Yellow River" comes from the huge amounts of "yellow" loess sediment it carries when flowing through the Loess Plateau. It runs through nine provinces and autonomous regions on its way to the Bohai Sea. We're a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our knowledge Yellow River Dam, Henan Province China - Planet Labs satellite image.jpg 4,080 × 3,060; 1.86 MB Yellow River Delta Animation.gif 800 × 534; 1.45 MB Yellow river jinan after rain.jpg 3,264 × … Most of the middle course is cut through the Loess Plateau, which extends eastward from the Plateau of Tibet to the North China Plain at elevations ranging between 3,000 and 7,000 feet (900 and 2,100 metres). Top attractions of the Yellow River include forest parks, deserts, grasslands, the Loess Plateau, ancient capitals, and a "chocolate" waterfall. Read more on Yellow River Attractions. BEIJING, Jan. 7 (Xinhua) -- Almost 800 km of China's Yellow River has frozen as cold waves sweep over northern parts of the country. With a length of 3,395 miles (5,464 km), it is the country’s second longest river—surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—and its drainage basin is the third largest in China, with an area of some 290,000 square miles (750,000 square km). In an interview with Time Magazine, Zhang said: “I wanted to photograph the river respectfully, it represents the root of the nation.” After the Yangzte River, the Yellow River is China’s second largest river and is approximately 3,400 miles long. Yellow River Museum This museum is currently closed due to construction of the Zhengzhou Subway, and will likely be closed for quite some time. The Yellow River is also known as the "cradle of Chinese civilization" or the "Mother River." Drought in the Yellow River region has brought serious challenges to agricultural development and the cities near the Yellow River. The Yellow River’s upper reaches begin at its source in the Bayan Har Mountains and ends Hekou Town in Inner Mongolia. The Yellow River or Huang He is the "mother river of China". Along the Yellow River, there are numerous historic and ancient attractions, and stunning scenery. New Year, How to Plan a First Trip to China — 5 Easy Steps, The Top 10 China Travel Destinations in 2020, The Top 13 Most Beautiful Places in China, Loyalty Since 2011 I’ve been working on the second part: following the Yellow The river rises in southern Qinghai province on the Plateau of Tibet and crosses six other provinces and two autonomous regions in its course to the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), an embayment of the Yellow Sea of the North Pacific Ocean. The elevati… With global warming, decrease in rainfall in the Yellow River Basin, and increasing water demands for irrigation, industry, etc., the Yellow River has been used up by its lower reaches since 1972, when it ran dry for the first time in recorded history. The Yellow River is also called "China's Sorrow". Many poems and songs sing the spirit of Yellow River and Chinese people, including Defend the Yellow River (保卫黄河), and Ode to The Yellow River (黄河颂). It originates in on Tibet-Qinghai plateau — like the Yangtze, China's largest … The plateau contains terraced slopes as well as alluvial plains and a scattering of peaks sometimes rising more than 1,500 feet (450 metres) above the plateau. The average fall in that stretch is slightly more than 1 foot per mile (20 cm per km) and becomes increasingly rapid in the last 100 miles (160 km) before the river reaches the North China Plain at the city of Zhengzhou in Henan province. The easily eroded loess soil accounts for the instability of the riverbed both in the middle basin, where the erosion is considerable, and on the plain, where deposition builds up the channel bed. Stream songs including "Song of the Yellow River Boatman", "Ode to the Yellow River… A great amount of archeological information proves that the Yellow River was the most prosperous region in early Chinese history (2100–1046 BC). The Yellow River is divided into three distinct parts: the mountainous upper course, the middle course across a plateau, and the lower course across a low plain. The Yellow River, or Huang He, is the second longest river in China stretching almost 5500km through nine provinces, making it the sixth longest river in the world.Its nickname, the "Mother River", is apt as these snaking waters have sustained Chinese civilizations since ancient times. © 1998-2020 China Highlights — Discovery Your Way! The loess strata reach thicknesses of 160 to 200 feet (50 to 60 metres) and in some places as much as 500 feet (150 metres). In that stretch its fall is less than half a foot per mile (9 cm per km), and many of the channels have been developed over the millennia for irrigated agriculture. The river has three stages of which different scholars have given variant opinions on the division of these stages. Stretching some 5,475 kilometers (3,395 miles) from eastern Tibet to Bo Hai, the river travels through soft plateaus of silt, picking up a massive sediment load on its journey. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hukou Waterfall is the classic Yellow River attraction. The Yellow River originates at an elevation above 15,000 feet (4,600 metres) in the Bayan Har Mountains, in the eastern Plateau of Tibet. The terraces, formed over the past 2.5 million years, provide an important record of landscape evolution and ancient environmental change in the region. With broad river area, Yellow River is not the only name it got. Contact us and we can tailor-make a tour with the Yellow River and any other places you are interested in. Senior Scientist, State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg. Author of. The provinces of Hebei and Henan derive their names from the Huang He.Their names mean respectively “north” and “south” of the (Yellow) River." Those shallow lakes, each covering an area of about 400 square miles (1,000 square km), are rich in fish and freeze over in winter. It has become so polluted in some reaches that it is unfit for agricultural and industrial use, because of the huge increase in factory and sewage discharges from China's fast-expanding cities. The highlands consist of crystalline rocks that are sometimes visible as eroded outcroppings on the surface. Through those loose deposits the river has cut deep valleys, carrying away with it huge quantities of surface material, making that region one of the most highly eroded landscapes in the world. History, Chinese China’s Yellow River, or Huang He, is the world’s muddiest. The plain is a great, nearly featureless alluvial fan broken only by the low hills of central Shandong; it was formed over some 25 million years as the Yellow River and other rivers deposited enormous quantities … The river enters a region of deep gorges, winding its way first southeast, then northwest around the A’nyêmaqên (Amne Machin) Mountains, where its fall exceeds 10 feet per mile (2 metres per km), and then east again between the Xiqing and Laji mountains. Low water flow and water level this year … In its upper reaches the river crosses two large bodies of water, Lakes Ngoring and Gyaring. their way. Usually a source of rich fertile soil and irrigation … China will beef up efforts to safeguard the Yellow River by establishing a working mechanism that delivers both ecological protection and high-quality development, a … That transition marks the end of the upper Yellow River, which is some 725 miles (1,165 km) from its source. The Yellow River (Huang He) is regarded as the ‘Mother of China’. Its basin was the center of Chinese politics, economy and culture for over 2,000 years. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Synonyms for Yellow River, China in Free Thesaurus. The Yellow River is not just a river of China, but also the symbol of the Chinese spirit: bearing burdens (its sedimentation), adaptation (its course changes), and perseverance (its continual flow). At the confluence with the Wei, the Yellow River turns sharply to the east for another 300 miles (480 km) as it flows through inaccessible gorges between the Zhongtiao and eastern Qin (Tsinling) mountains. Yellow River, also called Huang He, principal river of northern China, east-central and eastern Asia. With a length of 3,395 miles, it is the country’s second longest river—surpassed only by the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—and its drainage basin is the third largest in China (about 290,000 square miles). The river at first flows northeast for about 550 miles (880 km) through the sandy soils of the northern Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia and of the western Ordos Plateau. & Referral Program. A river of northern China rising in the Kunlun Mountains and flowing about 5,400 km generally eastward to the Bohai Sea. It runs through nine provinces and empties into the Bohai Sea, just south of Beijing. It is the second-longest river in China (after the Yangtze), and sixth longest in the world. In the central area of China, the Yellow River was simply named as He (means river in modern Chinese) in early Chinese literature. Aerial footage of the Yellow River (Huang He) at Linfen, Shanxi province, and of the Hukou Falls, which form the border between Shanxi (at Linfen) and Shaanxi (at Yan'an) provinces, China. China has had the good fortune to have two great rivers: the Yangtze and the Yellow River (or Huang He). A research group in China has found that industrial pollution and urban sewage has made one-third of the water in the Yellow River unusable. Explore connections. In the past, tourists came here to see the desert-like scenery. Yellow River, China 1994-09-30. Spells of cold wind had iced up the 121-kilometer-long section of the Yellow River in Baotou City, north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, as of December 18, 12 days earlier than last year. 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