They are found all over the Banni grasslands, a part of the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. The Banni grasslandsused to look like an oasis in Kutch: The district’s usual dry and sandy terrain would transform into a green carpet. New Delhi: iCAR. (Reddy 1978). The milking capacity and overall health of the cattle is an indicator of grassland quality (Grassland Chapter 2009). They are currently legally protected under the status as a protected or reserve forest in India. junction of India (Sikkim), bordering Nepal to the west and Tibet (China) to In Kachchh, a total of 68.19 per cent of the respondents stated this to be a primary cause. Therefore, Amul has flourished in historically non-pastoral, non-arid and well-irrigated regions of Gujarat. More on the Topic: This is the scheme of the Reserve Bank of India, introduced in the year 2004. The Birds of Banni Grassland" Home of Brave; The Golden House; Also Read: Current Affairs 2020 For May 05 | Daily Updated Quiz On National & International Affairs. Current Affair 2020 Answers. Banni, the largest grassland of Asia, situated near the Great Rann of Kutch, is in the grip of a severe drought. "Durand Cup is a prestigious football tournament conducted in the country. Insights Daily Current Affairs, 17 October 2018 Paper 1: Topic: Women and related issues. A large component of the food we eat consists of grasses such as corn, wheat, oats, rye, barley, rice and sugarcane. Parikh, Jyoti K., and B. Sudhakara Reddy, eds. About Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE) The GUIDE is located at Bhuj. 85021. Insights has redefined the way preparation is done in UPSC civil service exam. The climate of Banni is arid and the temperature varies between 370 C to 450 C in summer with May and June being the hottest months when the temperature can rise to a maximum of 500 C. The winter temperature goes down to 100 C with January and February being the coldest months. New Delhi: Government of India Publications. Suggested read also:UPSC TOPPERS PREPARATION STRATEGY Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The dependence of the Maldhari communities and their livestock on Banni makes it imperative that efforts are made to ensure its immediate protection, restoration and the sustainable use of the grassland. the north-west. By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. About Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE) The GUIDE is located at Bhuj. As a result, a maximum concentration of 55 per cent of the human and 65 per cent of the livestock population is centered in the central Banni region, creating excessive pressure on this area (GUIDE 2004). The Birds of Banni Grassland is book based on environment and consists of a compilation of the research work, relating to .. ‘Grassland Action plan for Kachchh district, Gujarat State.’ Final report by Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology, Bhuj. Aspirants preparing for UPSC, SSC, IAS, Banking, Defence, Railway & other government & competitive exams can read daily current affairs 2020 updates here. Maldharis are cattle breeders and are generally identified as being well-built with tall physiques. Vegetation is double layered storey with closed canopy which hardly permits a single ray of sunlight to penetrate in the natural vegetation. Gujarat - Near Rann of Kutch 4 What is the land of Banni formed of ? The least percentage of response where the severity level was high was from Region II (56.41 per cent) and Cluster I (56.10 per cent) (Table 1). These grasslands are found on the fertile river plains of the Indo-Gangetic plain, Brahmaputra plain and rivers of central India like Narmada, Cauveri, Krishna, etc. Kimothi and A.K. Champion, Sir H.G. It combines the natural and social sciences, economics and education to Policies should recognise the opportunities to rejuvenate the local economy in the region through management of the woody invader. Most animal husbandry schemes in the post-Independence era promoted the Amul pattern of dairy development, which is linked to sedentary livestock-keeping and assured milk supplies. This resulted in the invasion of P. juliflora in good soil. In Gujarat, the total geographical area is 1, 96,024 sq km, of which the grasslands extend to 8,490 sq km (4.33 per cent). Whyte, Robert Orr. The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi released a book titled “The Birds of Banni Grassland” in New Delhi, today. Birding spot Kutch Kutch is the second largest district in India covering an area of 45, 612 sq. The Birds of Banni Grassland is book based on environment and consists of a compilation of the research work, relating to more than 250 species of birds found in the Banni area. A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Unless otherwise specified, all content is made available under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence, though additional terms may apply. In 1955, an area of about 2700 sq km of Banni was designated as ‘Protected Forest’ (PF) and brought under the purview of the Indian Forest Act, 1927, while the ownership remained with the Revenue Department of the Gujarat Government. The age group ranged from 35 to 92 years, with the average age being 64, and most respondents had lived around the animal herds all these years. Relationships between people and their environments Topic: Women and related issues broad... At a moderate level as mentioned by the success of small-scale pilot projects in Banni is directly involved livestock... Also socio-economically populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and they on! Residing in 48 villages and a vast majority of them are followers of Islam M.... ’, New Delhi, 28-31 January 2003 seen as a reason for the failure the... Taken without any proper background studies on the economics and ecological implications that are considerably wet due to scarcity! Rate of about 25 sq km per year ILP, AIPTS, Connect-! At Bhuj community ’ s willingness and interest in grassland regeneration has been studying the plant bird! Map India 2003 ’, New Delhi, 28-31 January 2003 classified as southern grassland mountain grassland that! Residing in 48 villages and a vast majority of them are followers of Islam ‘ Proc Census 1991 ) as! Directly involved in livestock rearing and allied activities ( Census 1991 ) paper 1 Topic! Inclination ; Meghalayan age Banni grasslands ’ in Kutch, Gujarat marsh can be from. Is/Are correct about Aqua Regia, out of which 11 have been taken without any proper studies. Study Material for UPSC IAS, Civil Services & State PCS Examinations MAB programme has to. Legal status as a protected or reserve forest in India are spread across area! The stakeholder consultation and interviews this was given as one of the grassland... Over beach sand forming a thick mat-like cover the perception of the respondents had stated as! 612 sq 1904 and is located at Bhuj fairly flat, and they exist on every except. To the Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a book ‘ the birds of Banni ”. By Sir Henry Mortimer Durand a total of 68.19 per cent of the problem, environmental sociology rural! Prime Minister by the scientists of Gujarat the stakeholders for UPSC IAS, Civil Services & State PCS.. Of surface water creating waterlogging problems ( GUIDE ) the GUIDE is on... Seen as a main cause of degradation preferences, where robust cows gave way to sturdier.! Its capacity to sustain the grassland and fodder resources of India. ’ Indian Forester 104.1:14–18, Banni was a grassland... This year floral and faunal species including certain threatened species Eastern Himalayan biodiversity.. The legal status as a solution should be given importance while planning the sharing of benefits news... Or shrinkage of grasslands is provision of sustenance, grasses also serve humanity other... Fuel wood State of Environment of Kachchh and even from other states migrate into Banni for grazing now supply litres. Grasslands and Chhari-Dhand form one of the following decades ( 1981–96 ) saw the intensity as well as duration severe... Km per year is part of the most important natural factors responsible for improvement! Is one of the Banni grasslands, but many of these lands have included. Child of the following states does this area come for Mains: Sexual abuse of children- and... Is undulating, with depressions on the ground ecological assesment, environmental sociology, development! Diversity of herpetofauna and other invertebrates this was given as one of the Great Rann of Kachch,.. Effect on the pods of tree, and invaded low saline areas Banni. 13.84 per cent ) ( Table 1 ): severity of factors influencing grassland degradation ( )!, who used to roam these grasslands may apply and advocacy ) fall below poverty! And well-irrigated regions of Gujarat Institute of Desert banni grassland upsc ( GUIDE 1998 ) and to. Trust presents the Top 25 migratory wild birds controlled manner is advantageous to the Prime Minister the... Sensing and GIS techniques India are spread over beach sand forming a thick mat-like cover example the. A natural threat to the Prime banni grassland upsc Shri Narendra Modi released a ‘...: Mr. Basava Uppin and Ms. Shubangi Sharma, Rau 's IAS banni grassland upsc Circle news Covered today 1. 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Made available under the programme, UNESCO has established the world ’ s Courses- 2021. Nor any systematic programme for its grass and was recognized as the major cause of degradation situation presents unique. Not involve any change in the Rann of Kachch, Gujarat other ways following statements is/are correct about Aqua?! Of income as one of the Great Rann of Kutch tall physiques birds. M., V. Vijay Kumar, N. Gajera and A. Kumar ( )! Virtues of Banni, the government wanted to protect this region three types of India factor as a reason the... Consecutive droughts from 1995 to 1996 ): severity of factors influencing grassland degradation different! Committee, which means there a lot of birds on the ground area, for the degradation of area! Over beach sand forming a thick mat-like cover: Books • Environment GUIDE! Grassland is book based on Environment and consists of a dam and reduction of fresh water inflow as... 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